Difference between Front-End and Back-End Development

Difference between Front-End and Back-End Development
Difference between Front-End and Back-End Development

A robust web application is vital to bring functionality to the website in order to complete certain essential tasks. A web application is divided into two parts – the front end and the back end. While it is believed that web designers take care of the front end and web programmers the back end, knowledge of certain programming languages is required to ensure the complete package satisfies the business requirement.

Front-End Development

The front end of an application is the visible part of it that the user interacts with. The main purpose of the front end is to deliver effective interactivity and display of the content and data in an appealing, neat and simple to understand manner. Essential features to be built into the front end part of web development include: markup, style, accessibility, cross-browser, cross-platform and cross-device functionality, templates, CMS and web frameworks, usability and performance.

There is a particular set of technical skills, tools and knowledge base required for front end development, whether your business is implementing this in-house or outsourcing it to an experienced web development company. Some of these are explained below:

  1. HTML:

    Web pages are created by using a markup language called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). It is a considered to be a language that is easily understood and interpreted by web browsers, and is widely used to showcase content to users. HTML and its latest version HTML5 are widely held as the de facto industry standard for creating webpages.

  2. CSS:

    Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) complements HTML by providing the styling required for an attractive interface. It offers various stylizing options, such as fancy fonts, buttons, flash lights, and templates. CSS is required for the effective presentation of the webpage.

  3. JavaScript:

    It is a dynamic programming language that is used to add interactivity to web pages. JavaScript makes possible the integration of multimedia on the web page or the app page and features, such as drag-and-drop, polls and quizzes, and video scrolling.

Along with the above-mentioned three programming tools, knowledge of APIs, js libraries, touch computer interface, social networking, and micro blogging are also essential.

Back-End Development

The back end of the web application is basically the brains behind the front end. It comprises three components: server, application and database. It is a link between the server and the user. Most of the coding for the web application can be found in the back end and the quality of this code will determine how the website functions. Knowledge of required programming languages and database, as well as of the server side architecture is essential to prevent sluggish performance, continuous crashes or errors.

The following programming languages and frameworks are used, mostly individually, to create a robust back end:

  1. Ruby on Rails (RoR):

    Ruby on Rails is a web development framework, designed to ease the effort involved in coding through simpler syntax grammar. This Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework employs Ruby as the programming language. It can be implemented on most web servers and is compatible with popular databases.

  2. Python:

    Much like Ruby, Python is a programming language which is widely used for its readability and syntax. It provides ease of use for programming, particularly when employed in tandem with the web development framework Django. It is a portable language, which means that it can utilized for requirements across platforms.

  3. PHP:

    PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a popular server-side script language and interpreter. It can be embedded into HTML – when the code is run on the server, HTML is generated which is sent to the user. PHP offers a number of utilitarian features, such as scalability, ease of deployment and simplified coding.

  4. SQL:

    Structured Query Language (SQL) is the standard language for relational database management systems. It is used to interact with the database that is a part of the back end. Statements written in SQL are employed to accomplish tasks related to updating or retrieval of data.

  5. Java:

    Java Enterprise Edition is considered to still hold its ground for large web applications that require reliability, scalability and stability. Knowledge of Java is required for websites that are high-security (such as for those used in banking and insurance) or generate high traffic.

  6. ASP.NET:

    Active Server Pages.NET, or ASP.NET, is a programming language used to design web pages, and is developed by Microsoft. A part of the .NET framework, ASP.NET facilitates the building of dynamic websites and applications by leveraging compiled languages such as VB and C#.

In conclusion, the technologies that are used in the front end and the back end work together to shape the desired web application. Expert coding and testing is required to ensure the web app achieves the expected results.

Also Read Related Articles:

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1 Applications of PHP Programming Language
2 Benefits of Java over Other Programming Languages
3 Benefits of HTML5 and CSS for Your Business

For information on how Invensis Technologies will deliver value to your business through Software Application Development Outsourcing Services, please contact our team on US +1-302-261-9036; UK +44-203-411-0183; AUS +61-3-8820-5183; IND +91-80-4115-5233; or write to us at sales {at} invensis {dot} net.


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