Automated web testing tools are software that focus on testing web applications. Complete testing of web based application is required to address concerns such as user data security, basic functionality, and ability to perform under the load of high user traffic before actually going live.
How to Choose Web Testing Tools
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Selection of the right automation tool is critical to ensure success of testing project. Hence, detailed analysis is required before selecting the tool. Selection of tool depends on various factors that include:
- Application and technology used
- Budget of testing
- Skill set required and support availability
- Desired run environment (Windows, Macintosh, Linux) and compatibility with the browser (Firefox, Chrome, Opera etc)
- Ease of scripting (script creation time, scripting language, object recognition. learning time, speed of script execution, framework) and report generation capability of the software
Other desired parameters include the ability to identify changes in the System-Under-Test, creation of smoke tests, isolation of failures, validation, and others.
Different Types of Web Testing Tools
Web testing tools can be organized into the following categories:
- Load and performance test tools
- Website security test tools
- Link checking tools
- HTML validation tools
- Cross-browser testing tools
- Web functional/regression testing tools
- Mobile web/app testing tools
- Java test tools
Best Automated Web Testing Tools and Their Features
- Selenium is a software testing framework for web applications.
- It has two components Selenium WebDriver and Selenium IDE. Selenium WebDriver can be used to create browser-based regression automation suites and tests that are robust in nature. Selenium IDE is a complete integrated development environment (IDE) for Selenium tests; it can be utilized to create scripts that assist in automation-aided exploratory testing.
- Open-source software, released under the Apache 2.0 license.
- Deploys on Windows, Linux, and Macintosh platforms.
- Supported by all major browsers including IE, Firefox, Chrome, Safari, and Opera.
- Watir stands for Web Application Testing in Ruby.
- It is a family of Ruby libraries for automating web browsers.
- Open-source, scriptable and supports multiple browsers on different platforms.
- Consists of Watir Classic and Watir-WebDriver as major projects along with many minor projects.
- Watir Classic supports only Internet Explorer on Windows; Watir-WebDriver supports Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera and also runs in headless mode (HTMLUnit).
- Used by Facebook, Bell, Expedia, Honeywell etc.
- Offers recording, correlation, parameterization, drag-and-drop building blocks and a script debugger to make performance testing easy and efficient. Additionally, web-dashboard enables to pin-point performance issues.
- Contains over 80 pre-built reports to make test analysis simpler.
- Built-in support for enterprise systems, application/web servers, web protocols and technologies.
- Cross-browser software testing framework.
- Offers means to record, edit, playback and interact with tests from one simple interface.
- Supports all major modern web browsers, and runs on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
- Ranorex is a cross-browser web testing framework which enables recording and editing of web test actions and provides full access to HTML and AJAX elements.
- Proprietary tool of Ranorex GmbH and works on Microsoft Windows operating system.
- Does not have a scripting language of its own, instead utilizes standard programming languages such as C# and VB.NET as a base.
- Offers option of combining mobile and desktop GUI tests with web testing.
- Provides means to access and test embedded browser clients and third party controls support.
- Automation and testing tool for web applications and comes in both an open-source(Sahi) and a proprietary version (Sahi Pro)
- Offers record and playback on all browsers. Additionally, Sahi Pro offers option of parallel batch playback (distributable across machines) helping to reduce playback time up to 90 percent7.
- Effective for testing teams in product companies and captive IT units which need rapid reliable web automation.
- It automates applications built using ExtJS, ZK, Dojo, YUI or any other framework.
- Open-source project on Google Code.
- Evolved from Selenium framework about 2 years ago with a different testing approach.
- While Selenium primarily focuses on individual UI elements, Tellurium, on the other hand, treats the whole UI element as a widget or a UI module, which makes it possible to write reusable and easy-to-maintain tests for dynamic RIA based web applications.
- Provides cross-browser test automation of static and dynamic web-based applications (HTML and AJAX frameworks like ExtJS, GWT, GXT, RAP, Qooxdoo, RichFaces, Vaadin, PrimeFaces, ICEfaces and ZK).
- QF-Test enables regression and load testing and runs on Windows and all major Unix systems.
- Propriety tool of QFS GmbH.
- Contains advanced options like structuring and modularization which strongly increase the reusability of system tests and thus reduce the maintenance effort.
9. HP Unified Functional Testing (UFT)
- Formerly known as HP QuickTest Professional (QTP), it provides functional and regression test automation for software applications and environments.
- HP QuickTest Professional and HP Service Test were combined to form the integrated HP Unified Functional Testing software which allows developers to test all three layers of a program’s operations – the interface, the service layer and the database layer, from a single console.
- It can be used for enterprise quality assurance.
- Contains Patented Insight Test Automation which recognizes unfamiliar objects as new technologies and incorporates them. This allows completing the workflow and even performing actions on them such as clicking and entering data.
- Supports integration with Business Process Testing, a framework of reusable test components that enables testers to rapidly assemble tests by drag-and-drop.
- Uses a single GUI for automating all types of functional testing. This helps to create automated testing for both GUI functionality and the back-end service (application business logic) parts of an application.
Automated testing of web applications is both cost-effective and time-saving. It also ensures a better quality product. However, to achieve these desired results, detailed planning and understanding of the project are required before the selection of an automated testing tool. A detailed analysis of ease of use, scripting, reporting, and integration with systems and technologies needs to be done before any selection.
The market provides multiple automated web testing tools with variations in features.